Balau wood comprises the species of the genus Shorea (Dipterocarpaceae), sometimes referred to as ‘Lauan’ wood. There is a great variety between different species, each with different properties, appearances and mechanical strength values.
In Malaysia, the timber is known as Balau with a local names such as Selangan Batu in Sabah and Sarawak and Brunei; Anggelam, Dammar laut and Bankirai in Indonesia; Phchok in Cambodia; Sal in India; Thitya in Myanmar; Mai chik khok in Laos; Balao, Teng, Rang, Aek, Ak and Takhian-samphon in Thailand and Malayakal, Yakal and Gisok in the Philippines.
Balau is widely harvested and widely available worldwide and the wood is moderately priced despite the fact that it is imported. The wood population has declined by 80% over the past three generations caused by a decline in its natural range.
Characteristics of Balau
● Yellow to brown heavy hardwood with a high colour variability ranging from a pale straw colour to a darker reddish brown.
● No characteristic odour.
● Coarse texture with medium to large pores with deep interlocked grains
●High rot resistance quality, variable among the different species and should be regarded as non-durable in terms of decay resistance.
● Glues, stains, and finishes well.
Balau Wood Application●Suitable for all forms of turnkey and heavy construction ●Ship and boat building (keels, keelsons and framework) ● Vehicle bodies like the framework and floor boards and railway sleepers
● Heavy duty columns
● Heavy traffic flooring
● Excellent for heavy furniture
● Doors and window frames
● Cabinet making