What is a Fence

Fence - Building Materials Malaysia

A fence refers to a structure that encloses an area or to a border surrounding a field. The structure is often made of posts that are linked together by a variety of materials, either by wooden boards, rails or wire nettings.

A fence is different from a wall in that there is no solid foundation throughout its whole length. The main purpose of putting a fence is to prevent unauthorised entry, to demarcate a territory, a boundary or a perimeter or generally to confine within the fence or to prevent exit from the fenced-up area. Fences can be categorised by their construction method and by their functionality.

Types of Fences by their construction method

  • Brushwood fencing is made by compressing the brushwood with wires on either side of the brushwood.
  • Chain-link fencing is made of from wires woven together forming a chain
  • Concrete fencing is made from concrete and is very durable
  • Hurdle fencing is made from sections that are moveable
  • Hedges include:
    • Cactus fencing with cactus planted in rows
    • Hedgerows are living shrubs which are intertwined
  • Round pole fencing are made from closely spaced rails made from sawn timber.
  • Slate fence is made of vertical slabs of slate wired together.
  • Split-rail fences are made of timber, often designed in a zig zag pattern.
  • Stockade fencing is a solid fence usually waist-high or higher made from very closely spaced stakes, round logs, posts or half-round boards pointed at the top.
  • Wattle fencing is made of split branches woven between stakes.
  • Wrought iron fencing is made from tube steel or ornamental iron.
  • Wall fences include:
  • Wire fences include:

Types of Fences by way of its functionality

  • Agricultural fencing is used to keep livestock in and/or trespassers and/or predators out
  • Acoustic fencing is designed to reduce noise pollution
  • A balustrade or railing is a kind of fence to prevent people from falling over the edge, for example, on a balcony, roof, bridge, stairway or near a body of water or places where people stand or walk and where the slopes are very steep.
  • Boundary fencing is used to mark out or establish the perimeter of an estate or a piece of property.
  • Decorative fencing is usually used to beautify the appearance of a building or a garden for example picket fences which are generally waist-high, painted decorative fences.
  • Facilities which are required by law to be fenced in, for safety and security reasons: - airfields and airports - amusement equipment with dangerous moveable parts which may pose danger for passers-by e.g. merry-go-rounds. - construction sites - domestic swimming and spa pools - factories manufacturing explosives - industrial plants - military areas - pastures containing male breeding animals - prisons - quarries - railway lines - transformer stations and mast radiators with open high-voltage equipment. -  zoos and wildlife parks
  • Privacy fencing is to provide privacy and security to a specific area 
  • Perimeter fencing is used to prevent trespassing or theft and/or to prevent children and /or pets from wandering outside of a safe area.
  • Pest-exclusion fence is used to keep out pests.
  • Pet-fence is used to retrain the movement of pets within a confined area.
  • Pool fence is used to ensure the safety of outsiders.
  • Snow fence is used to keep snow from reaching the roads, keeping roads clear and thus increasing the visibility of the drivers.
  • Temporary fencing is to provide safety & security in building and construction sites and to specifically direct movement of traffic when temporary accessibility is required.
  • Turtle, amphibian and newt fencing, is a low fence made of plastic sheeting or similar materials to confine amphibians or reptiles within a safe area.