Stone Tiles - Introduction
Stone tile is derived from different species of stone or rocks resulting from the processes and physics of nature. It is one of the oldest materials used in Roman architecture and some of these works last until today.
If stone tiles are correctly installed, probably no replacement is needed throughout its life. In fact, as stone ages, some of its natural features even enhance, adding to its beauty.
For millions of years, our earth, under extreme pressures and heat has created and produced some of the most magnificent stones and rocks ever to be mined.
Using modern manufacturing process such as cutting, calibrating , honing-polishing and edging, these stones are then transformed into tiles each unique in style and look to accent any area it is applied yet able to maintain nature’s timeless beauty.
Common Stone Tiles
Granite - A massive, coarse-grained and tough igneous rock formed from magma. Granite is the hardest of all natural stone with a hardness index of 7/10 (Diamond =10). It is thus highly durable, and heat, chip and acid resistant. Predominantly grey, black and mahogany, granite tiles with distinctive freckles due to the glistening crystal deposits are extensively used as flooring tiles in homes as well as commercial buildings.Travertine - A type of limestone that is a by-product of natural mineral springs. It is a durable, low-porous stone that stays cool in direct sunlight, making it ideal for pool-sides, patios, walkways and outdoor entertainment areas. It often has a fibrous or concentric appearance due to the presence of minerals and exists in white, tan or even rusty varieties, giving the tile a distinctive look and character.
Marble - Marble is a rock resulting from metamorphism of sedimentary rock such as limestone with an interlocking mosaic of carbonate crystals. This eventually creates the distinctive crystalline structure of marble which allows it to be polished to give it a mirror-like finish .Various mineral impurities such as clay, sand or iron oxides found as grains also provide the beautiful swirls and veins of marble tiles. Marble is a durable and hard stone (hardness=3/10) and its colour ranges from black to pink to white even dark green. Marble with its hypoallergenic properties is the best option for homes to be kept clean and allergens-free. Marble tiles have become a cultural symbol of refined tastes and, as such, is ideal for any decorative area, flooring, tabletops and bathrooms.
Onyx - Tiles made from this stone is best suited for indoor use and in medium to light traffic areas because onyx is a softer stone. Translucent and veined with milky swirls and deep dimensional striations of amber and ivory, these tiles are best suited to showcase bathrooms, kitchen and spaces where friends and family gather.
Other stone tiles will include tiles made from quartzite, limestone, rocks and pebbles, slate and sandstone and more. Whatever the choice, natural stone tiles with their rich earthly colours and texture will always bring Nature’s grandeur indoor into your home.
Application of Stone Tiles Its distinctive pattern and attractive 3D texture makes these materials suitable to be made featured walls of a certain place or building (even home). Such walls then becomes the highlights of a place once overlaid with decorative stone tiles, like the one in the image below. It is also not uncommon for water features to be built around these types of materials.